The Mortgage Bankers Association’s (MBA) monthly Loan Monitoring Survey shows that the total number of loans in forbearance decreased to 0.85% of servicers’ portfolio volume as of May 31, relative to a month earlier. According to MBA’s estimate, 425,000 homeowners are in forbearance plans.
The share of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loans in forbearance decreased 5 basis points to 0.38%. Ginnie Mae loans in forbearance decreased 4 basis points to 1.25%, and the forbearance share for portfolio loans and private-label securities (PLS) declined 29 basis points to 1.86%.
“Servicers are whittling away at the remaining loans in forbearance, even as the pace of monthly forbearance exits slowed in May to a new survey low. Most borrowers exiting forbearance are moving into either a loan modification, payment deferral, or a combination of the two workout options,” states Marina Walsh, CMB, MBA’s vice president of industry analysis.
“It is a positive sign to see the overall servicing portfolio performance reach 95.85 percent current in May – 21 basis points higher than April’s figures,” adds Walsh. “However, it is worth watching if the rapid increase in interest rates for all loans, combined with inflation that is outpacing wage growth, complicates post-forbearance workout options and puts additional pressure on borrowers in existing post-forbearance workouts.”
Total loans in forbearance decreased by 9 basis points in May 2022 relative to April 2022 from 0.94% to 0.85%. By investor type, the share of Ginnie Mae loans in forbearance decreased relative to the prior month from 1.29% to 1.25%. The share of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loans in forbearance decreased relative to the prior month from 0.43% to 0.38%. The share of other loans (e.g., portfolio and PLS loans) in forbearance decreased relative to the prior month from 2.15% to 1.86%.
Loans in forbearance as a share of servicing portfolio volume (#) as of May 31, 2022 were a total of 0.85% (previous month at 0.94%), with independent mortgage banks (IMB) at 1.06% (previous month at 1.17%) and depositories at 0.67% (previous month at 0.74%).
By stage, 28.2% of total loans in forbearance are in the initial forbearance plan stage, while 58.6% are in a forbearance extension. The remaining 13.2% are forbearance re-entries, including re-entries with extensions.
Of the cumulative forbearance exits for the period from June 1, 2020, through May 31, 2022, at the time of forbearance exit 29.4% resulted in a loan deferral/partial claim and 18.7% represented borrowers who continued to make their monthly payments during their forbearance period. Borrowers who did not make all of their monthly payments and exited forbearance without a loss mitigation plan in place yet made up 17.1%.
In addition, 15.7% resulted in a loan modification or trial loan modification while 11.2% resulted in reinstatements, in which past-due amounts are paid back when exiting forbearance. Loans paid off through either a refinance or by selling the home came in at 6.7% with the remaining 1.2% having resulted in repayment plans, short sales, deed-in-lieus or other reasons.
Total loans serviced that were current (not delinquent or in foreclosure) as a percent of servicing portfolio volume (#) rose to 95.85% in May 2022 from 95.64% in April 2022 (on a non-seasonally adjusted basis).
The five states with the highest share of loans that were current as a percent of servicing portfolio were Idaho, Washington, Colorado, Utah and Oregon. The five states with the lowest share of loans that were current as a percent of servicing portfolio were Mississippi, Louisiana, New York, West Virginia and Illinois.
Total completed loan workouts from 2020 and onward (repayment plans, loan deferrals/partial claims, loan modifications) that were current as a percent of total completed workouts declined to 82.75% last month from 82.99% in April.
MBA’s monthly Loan Monitoring Survey covers the period from May 1 through May 31, 2022, and represents 70% of the first-mortgage servicing market (36.2 million loans).
Read the full report here.